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제목 : Deloney’s Equivocal Voices Represented in Jack of Newbury and Thomas of Reading
- 저자 : Kyung Jin Bae    - 조회수 : 1,470  - Download : 18
- 참 조 : 고전 르네상스 영문학 제 24권 2호  
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This paper examines the subtle voices for class politics and ambivalent representations of the class ideology in Deloney’s works. Thomas Deloney - balladeer, novelist and yeoman weaver - was a passionate advocate for the needs of the middle class weavers and his early polemical efforts endangered his freedom. Hiding from the authorities and unable to speak and write overtly, Deloney became subtle in the prose fictions about his own cloth trade. In his works of Jack of Newbury and Thomas of Reading, Deloney mixes the past and the present ideology of his guild when idealizing his craft. Insulated by their historical settings in the reigns of Henry I and Henry VIII, Deloney’s works bring into play sympathetic rulers of the past to contrast with an unsympathetic queen of his day. Deloney’s discursive construction of an idiosyncratic craft ideology turns subversive to the Queen’s authority and at times nostalgic for the idealized past when good management and charity earned the respect of the kings. Also ironic messages are disguised by idealization of a harmonious past in his works. In Jack of Newbury coexisting with articulation of a fantasy of a rapid social upward mobility is the implicit acknowledgement of the apparent inequality between Jack and his workers. Thomas of Reading, a tale of prosperous clothiers set in a nostalgic past, is marked by the stark acknowledgement of conflicts and social disjunction between the successful clothiers and less prosperous weavers. The murder of Cole, a titular hero, and Tom Dove’s plight reveal the acknowledgement of anxieties concerning the consequences of social unrest and the palpable possibility of downward social mobility. Writing in a period notable for its tensions, pressures, and changing values, Deloney envisages an unstable present and a precarious future by appropriating an idealized past. In doing so, he craftily analyzes the bleak conditions of middle class clothiers in Elizabethan England.

Key Words: Thomas Deloney, Jack of Newbury, Thomas of Reading, clothier,middle class weaver, idealized past


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